Vitiligo can be described as pigmentation disorder that occurs in the human skin. The human skin has plenty of melanocytes skin cells which are the ones that produce the melanin pigment that brings about color onto the skin.
In cases of a person who has vitiligo, these melanocytes, together with all other tissues which are also known as mucous membranes that are found in the rectal and dental areas, inside the mouth and those that are found in the eyes retina are completely destroyed. The result of this is that there are white patches which then appear on different areas of the skin all over the body. Body hairs that grow on the areas which have been affected by vitiligo also turn white in color.
Causes of Vitiligo
There are very many theories out that people try to follow to get an explanation on the stem cause of vitiligo. One specific theory tries to explain vitiligo as the affected starting to develop some sort of antibodies which turn against the host’s own melanocytes and begin to destroy all of them instead of offering protection as the antibodies are supposed to do. A different theory explains that the melanocytes destroy and attack each other which would result in vitiligo. However, other have come up with a theory that explains vitiligo being a result of extreme sunburn or come about after a bout of intense emotional stress on the affected individual. However, there is no specific scientific explanation that covers the causes of vitiligo.
Who is Prone to Get Affected by Vitiligo?
The total number of individuals who are affected by Vitiligo ranges between 40 to around 50 million people. It is simply about 1 or 2% of the total world’s population that suffers from this skin condition. This skin disorder affects people of all genders and races in equal measure but most of the people affected are below 40 years of age.
How is Vitiligo Associated with Autoimmune Disease?
In the case of autoimmune diseases, you will get that the immune system of a person attacks their own body organs and body tissues. Vitiligo however is common in people who have the following autoimmune diseases: hyperthyroidism. This is where by one experiences too much activity than is needed in the thyroid glands. It is also common on people who have alopecia areata which is simply patches of baldness. It is also found on people who have adrenocortical insufficiency. This is a case whereby the adrenal gland fails to produce the needed amount of corticosteroid hormones. Those who have pernicious anemia also are at high chances of getting Vitiligo. This is the case of having low red blood cells which is a result of the blood failing to carry out enough absorption of vitamin B 12.
If you currently suffer from this disease or know of someone that is, and you are looking for more information, then read this article for even more info on Vitiligo.